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Dr. Jamal Nafi: The Role of Superstition in Twain’s The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn and Shakespeare’s Macbeth: A Comparative Study

Field of Research: Literature

Name of author) (s): JAMAL S. NAFI’

Title of published work: “The Role of Superstition in Twain’s The Adventures of Huckleberry

Finn and Shakespeare’s Macbeth: A Comparative Study”

Name of Journal:  English Language and Literature Studies

Year: 2016

Volume: 6 (1)

Pages:  16-27

Publisher:  Canadian Center of Science and Education

Abstract:

This article is an attempt to explore the inclusion and the use of superstitious elements in Mark Twain’s novel The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn (1884) and Shakespeare’s play Macbeth (1611). Superstition involves a deep belief in the magic and the occult, to almost to an extent of obsession, which is contrary to realism. Through the analytical and psychological approaches, this paper tries to shed light on Twain’s and Shakespeare’s use of supernaturalism in their respective stories, and the extent the main characters are influenced by it. A glance at both stories reveals that characters are highly affected by superstitions, more than they are influenced by their religious beliefs, or other social factors and values. The researcher also tries to explore the role played by superstition, represented by fate and the supernatural in determining the course of actions characters undertake in both dramas. The paper concluded that the people who lived in the past were superstitious to an extent of letting magic, omens; signs, etc. affect and determine their lives; actions and future decisions. They determine their destiny and make it very difficult for them to avoid it, alter it or think rationally and independently. And that, man’s actions are not isolated, but closely connected to the various forces operating in the universe.

Keywords:

Ghosts, horror, mystery, Huckleberry Finn, Macbeth, magic, superstition, Shakespeare, supernatural, Twain

Contact author (s):

Name: JAMAL  NAFI’, PhD.

Address: Department of English, Al-Quds University

E-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.